Some of my excerpts from my audio book listening to Carlos M. N. Eire’s Reformations: The Early Modern World, 1450-1650.
“Reductionist tendencies…seeking to assign causality to any single factor…leads to distorted perspectives. … Multi-dimensional.”
“Religious dimension to early modern violence. … Use of religious terms or rhetoric…References to religion….Root of all religious conflict.”
“Iconoclasm [is not] just about destruction of property, but [also about] social-political order [as a a] means to a greater end…[which ‘end’ is] destruction of the Roman Catholic Church at the local level.”
“The Battle of Kappel Protestants and Catholics killed an maimed each other in the name of religion.” [Zwingli was killed in this battle-CD]
“Luther did not resort to violence against [heretics] directly. By 1525 he had driven Karlstadt[and] Munzer…out of Wittenberg and he had refrained from calling for their deaths. Yet when it came to rebellion rather than heresy, Luther was willing to contemplate violence…and to call for the slaughter of the peasant rebels whom he compared to rabid dogs. Zwingli took a harsher approach. By 1525, under his leadership, the city of Zurich was aggressively harassing those who refused to accept infant baptism. And in 1527, when adult re-baptism was declared a capitol crime, the execution of anabaptists heretics became routine. The first of these martyrs, Felix [Munz or Munst?–CD] was drowned in Lake Zurich — a fitting punishment, according to the Zwinglians, for someone who abused the waters of baptism…ironically, but logically, martyrdom confirmed for them their identity as the true Church of Christ…a most painful self-fulfilling prophecy.”